The 4P Framework

The Institute of Passion’s 4P Framework is a proprietary framework based on multi-disciplinary research, data science, and the science of Happiness.

The framework is composed of two layers:

At its core are the 4P pillars: Purpose, Passion, Positivity, and Power. These are surrounded by the 4P lenses which trigger the 4Ps: The Heart, the Mind, the Body, the Spirit, Society, and the Environment.


The 4P Framework is supported by existing research and is enhanced by ongoing research run by the Institute of Passion. It is the backbone of evidence-based interventions designed within the Institute.

The 4P pillars

The first P stands for Purpose. This first pillar taps into the vast amount of scientific research on meaning, motivated by the search for Purpose in Life, which was made visible by the late Dr. Viktor Frankl , an Austrian neurologist, psychiatrist, and Holocaust survivor.
Frankl was the founder of Logotherapy , which along with Freud’s psychoanalysis and Adler’s individual psychology, is considered the “Third Viennese School of Psychotherapy”, a form of existential therapy which highly influenced humanistic psychologists.

The second P stands for Passion. This concept was originally discussed in philosophy by thinkers such as Diderot, Kant, and Descartes. Passion is also a commonly used and very often misused word in everyday life such as Passion in love, Passionate leader, Passion for music, etc.

With the arrival of Positive Psychology, scientists are becoming increasingly interested in this concept. Psychologist and Prof. Robert Vallerand is at the forefront of research on the Psychology of Passion, as evidenced by his book The Psychology of Passion . Both types of Passion observed by Dr. Vallerand— Harmonious Passion and Obsessive Passion—are explored in our framework.

Concepts of success in life and at work as investigated through Prof. Angela Duckworth ’s research on Grit are also incorporated into our framework.
Grit is defined as Passion and perseverance for long-term goals. Passion at work, inextricably linked to the concept of calling and engagement is also leveraged in this second pillar.

The third pillar is Positivity. Through this pillar, positive emotions and positive individual traits are explored.  This pillar utilizes the work of many scholars, but primarily Dr. Fredrickson who researches positive emotions and their contributions to human well-being.

The fourth pillar looks into the concept of Power in Leadership. The work from scholars in social and behavioral sciences around Positive Leadership and the relation between Passion and leadership is leveraged to unlock organizations’, individuals’, and governments’ best version of their leadership.

On the 4P lenses

The different 4P lenses act as triggers to unleash the impact of each 4P pillar. Putting the human being at the centre of our framework, each lens act as a unique trigger to an individual’s way of being and acting.

The lenses include:

  • The Heart, exploring emotions, feelings
  • The Mind, looking at individual and systemic thoughts
  • The Body, exploring somatics and other body and movements related field of studies
  • The Spirit, looking into research on transcendence, positive psychology, and spirituality and its benefits to relationships among other parts of an individual or an organization’s life
  • Society and its impact
  • The Environment, such as nature and other elements

For more information on the 4P Framework please contact its author: Sok-ho Trinh.

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